XXX explains here the bascis
Dos and Don’ts
- name the directory something related to your project. For example, if your
project is named Twisted, name the top-level directory for its source files
Twisted. When you do releases, you should include a version number suffix:
- create a directory Twisted/bin and put your executables there, if you
have any. Don’t give them a .py extension, even if they are Python source
files. Don’t put any code in them except an import of and call to a main
function defined somewhere else in your projects.
- if your project is expressable as a single Python source file, then put it
into the directory and name it something related to your project. For
example, Twisted/twisted.py. If you need multiple source files, create a
package instead (Twisted/twisted/, with an empty
Twisted/twisted/__init__.py) and place your source files in it. For
- put your unit tests in a sub-package of your package (note - this means that
the single Python source file option above was a trick - you always need at
least one other file for your unit tests). For example, Twisted/twisted/test.
Of course, make it a package with Twisted/twisted/test/__init__.py. Place
tests in files like Twisted/twisted/test/test_internet.py.
- add Twisted/README and Twisted/setup.py to explain and install your
software, respectively, if you’re feeling nice.
- put your source in a directory called src or lib. This makes it hard
to run without installing.
- put your tests outside of your Python package. This makes it hard to run the
tests against an installed version.
- create a package that only has a __init__.py and then put all your code
into __init__.py. Just make a module instead of a package, it’s simpler.
- try to come up with magical hacks to make Python able to import your module
or package without having the user add the directory containing it to their
import path (either via PYTHONPATH or some other mechanism). You will not
correctly handle all cases and users will get angry at you when your software
doesn’t work in their environment.